Linearisation and Modelling Techniques for RF Power Amplifiers in Modern Communications Systems - CEI-Europe
Course #06

Linearisation and Modelling Techniques for RF Power Amplifiers in Modern Communications Systems

Course #06 is replaced by:

#07 "Behavioral Modeling and Digital Predistortion of RF Power Amplifiers"


The increasing use of linearisation techniques, and especially the emergence of high speed digital processing as an enabling technology to implement predistortion on the PA input signal, represent an important paradigm shift in PA design. The PA component can now be designed with more emphasis on efficiency, without the traditional constraints of meeting stringent linearity specs simultaneously. Maximising the utility of a lineariser in order to obtain optimum efficiency has thus become a new subject area in modern RF PA design 

This course takes a "system-level" approach to the linearization and behavioural modelling of RF Power Amplifiers. As such the course will not cover RF PA design in detail and can be considered as complementary to CEI-Europe course #08. Special emphasis is given to a detailed treatment of PA modelling, both as a means of allowing more meaningful system level simulations, and also as a necessary starting point to the development of advanced predistortion algorithms for PA linearization.

The course is dealing with system level issues in the specification and performance impact of RF power amplifiers in wireless, satcom, and microwave applications. It features in-depth treatment of behavioural modeling of PA non-linear effects. The main focus is to understand, characterize and model the non-linear behaviour of RFPAs, and to demonstrate the evolution of these models into successful predistortion algorithms. Particular emphasis will be given to the treatment of memory effects.

This course presents an overview, fundamentals, theory, practical and advanced power amplifier design, which will be of interest to RFPA designers and RF system designers. DSP developers who will be implementing the linearization algorithms will find this course beneficial, providing the necessary background knowledge in RFPA techniques and non-linear properties. 

Enhance your understanding of:

  • Power amplifier basic concepts, classes of operation, stability, linearity, bias technique
  • PA Linearisation techniques
  • PA non-linearities including memory effects
  • Behavioural modeling of PAs, including memory effects
  • Use of behavioral models to formulate accurate predistortion algorithms
  • Application of pre-distortion linearization to RF PAs

Monday - Steve C. Cripps
Power Amplifier Overview 
Day 1 will start with a brief review of RFPA technology and basic RFPA theory, focussing on mode classifications widely used in PA literature. This will be a functional overview of the subject, circuit topologies will not be covered. The second part of Day 1 will focus on various system level approaches to PA efficiency enhancement.

  • RF PA Semiconductor Technologies
  • PA Modes A to Z
  • Efficiency Enhancement Techniques (Doherty, EER, ET, Outphasing)

Tuesday - Steve C. Cripps / John Wood
Introduction to PA Non-linearity Effects 
Day 2 will start with an introduction to non-linear effects in RFPAs. The relationship between gain non-linearities and system level specifications such as ACP and EVM will be discussed. Memory effects will be discussed from a practical viewpoint. Later in Day 2 the modelling part of the course will start, defining various model types and their use in modern digital communications systems.

  • AM-AM, AM-PM
  • IM and ACP for Typical Digital Modulation Environments
  • Memory Effects

Nonlinear Modelling Basics

  • Compact Models: Applications and advantages
  • Usefulness of Behavioural Models and Their Applications
  • Review of Wireless Communications Signals and Systems, and Implications for Modelling

Wednesday - John Wood
Advanced Behavioural Modeling 
Day 3 will continue the discussion on behavioural modeling, getting into some mathematical detail with the power series, the general Volterra formulation and its approach to model memory effects.

  • System Identification Techniques: Mathematical models, including power series
  • Volterra Series Formulations
  • Artificial Neural Networks
  • Behavioural Model Implementations
  • Memory Effects

Thursday - John Wood
Day 4 will focus on the theory and implementation of digital predistortion, building on some of the models that have been introduced on previous days. "Linearizability" will be defined and several case studies will be considered.

  • 'Linearizability'
  • Digital Pre-distortion: Implementation, Algorithms, Reprise of Memory Effects
  • Case Studies in Behavioural Model Generation
  • RF PA Linearization Using DPD



citatteckenSaid about the course from previous participants:
"I like the tight connection to real world standards. The two Instructors have a solid knowledge from their work."
"Practical related examples of  "getting started".  Software examples to bring home from both gentlemen."
"Fine overview of a lot of different techniques, pros/contras."
"Very well taught. Perfect structure with good introduction of basic concepts necessary. Many practical real examples to prove the simulations."
"Good survey of possibilities. Clear statement of problems and possible solutions."
"Nice with two views of the subject with a "hands-on" and a theoretical view."
"Text below slides in lecture notes very useful (for later)."
"Wide overview of techniques, many original ideas, clear explanations."
"Entertaining way of presenting in depth knowledge of teachers, explanation of fundamentals of circuits."
"Introduction to the topics: clear and well explained. Good interaction between class and lecturers. Explaining results obtained with their experiments. "Hands-on" exchange of experiences and tips. "

CEI-Europe AB, Teknikringen 1F, SE-583 30 Linköping, Sweden Phone +46-13-100 730 Fax +46-13-100 731