Radio Spectrum Management is of ever increasing importance for Telecommunications Companies, Public Authorities as well as for Defense Forces.

It is necessary for the planning, implementation and operation phases of various types of technologies: point-to-point/multipoint links, broadband wireless access, cellular systems, radar, navigation systems as well as television and sound broadcasting networks, both analogue and digital.

The hierarchical process of military spectrum management has extensive needs for long-term strategic as well as short-term tactical frequency management.

Radio Spectrum Management
Radio Spectrum Management


This elearning course gives participants the knowledge of Technical basics of the Radio Spectrum Management.

Central subjects include coverage, availability and interference issues in Radio Spectrum Management.

An overview of radio wave propagation and characteristic radio system properties in different frequency ranges is presented. Radio wave propagation causing over-range and interference is discussed.

The course has 3 parts;

  • Technical characteristics, Radio noise
  • Radio wave propagation 
  • Collocation Interference

When the Radio Spectrum Management course is conducted as classroom training the WRAP software for spectrum management and radio network planning is installed on the student computers and practical exercises are performed. The software is available for E-learning students also although the E-learning course does not make use of do-it-yourself exercises. Computer requirements are PC, Windows Vista, 7 SP1, 8 and 10.

Videos demonstrating the use of the software can be downloaded.

The videos can be found here:
You can search for the word WRAP to narrow down the results if needed.

Download software from below link and request for a trial license from Altair:

Download the file WRAPv 4.23.2 (or newer version if available), unzip and follow the Setup instructions document. You may also download the Videos folder to watch demonstrations on how to use the software.


The course is intended for engineers and radio spectrum managers working with radio communications with a need to know about regulations for the utilisation of the radio spectrum and methods for analysis, planning and coordination of radio systems in order to achieve required performance within the system without interfering with other radio systems.
Radio Spectrum Management

Technical Characteristics, Radio Noise

  • Link Budget
  • Antenna characteristics and decibel
  • Bandwidth
  • Spectrum
  • Noise
  • Noise (cont)
  • Man made noise
  • Receiver transmitter
  • ITU recommendations

Radio Wave Propagation

  • Link Budget, Range of Frequencies
  • Propagation Mechanisms (short-term)
  • Propagation Mechanisms (long-term)
  • Propagations Mechanisms
  • Propagation Models
  • Simplest Propagation Models
  • Formulas
  • Groud Refelection
  • Ground Reflections (spherical earth)
  • Surface Wave
  • Refraction
  • Additional losses
  • Statistical Distribution of k-factor
  • Additional Phenomena
  • Okumura Hata
  • Atmospheric Attenuation
  • Diffraction
  • Point to Area Model
  • Long-range Interference Model
  • Complete Radio Planning Software
  • Complete Radio Planning Software (cont)


Collocation Interference

  • Collocation Interference
  • Collocation Interference, cont.
  • Probability
  • Isolation between Stations
  • Filtering, calculation settings interference
  • Adjacent Channel
  • Receiver Blocking
  • Harmonics, Image Frequency
  • Intermodulation
  • Interference- free Frequencies
  • Spread Spectrum
  • TH BH Interference
  • Result Presentation