Radio Spectrum Management is of ever increasing importance for Telecommunications Companies, Public Authorities as well as for Defense Forces.

It is necessary for the planning, implementation and operation phases of various types of technologies: point-to-point/multipoint links, broadband wireless access, cellular systems, radar, navigation systems as well as television and sound broadcasting networks, both analogue and digital.

The hierarchical process of military spectrum management has extensive needs for long-term strategic as well as short-term tactical frequency management.

Radio Spectrum Management
Radio Spectrum Management


This 3-day course gives participants the knowledge of rules and regulations for the utilisation of the Radio Spectrum.

Methods for analysis, planning and coordination of radio systems in order to achieve required performance within the system are discussed, as well as precautions to avoid interfering with collocated radio systems.

International and national bodies and regulations are presented. International agreements for coordination are discussed.

Central subjects include coverage, availability and interference issues in Radio Spectrum Management.

An overview of radio wave propagation and characteristic radio system properties in different frequency ranges is presented. Radio wave propagation causing over-range and interference is discussed.

Methods for planning and coordination of point-to-point, point-to-multipoint and area covering radio networks to achieve performance targets and spectral efficiency are covered.

Application demonstrations using software for radio spectrum management will be conducted under instructor supervision.

To benefit most, participants should bring a laptop computer with Windows Vista SP2/Windows 7 SP1/Windows 8/Windows 10 operating system for installation of the software WRAP.


The course is intended for engineers and radio spectrum managers working with radio communications with a need to know about regulations for the utilisation of the radio spectrum and methods for analysis, planning and coordination of radio systems in order to achieve required performance within the system without interfering with other radio systems.
Radio Spectrum Management

Day 1

Introduction to Radio Spectrum Management

International Bodies 

  • International Telecommunication Union, ITU
  • Electronic Communications Committee, ECC etc.

National Spectrum Management

  • Regulative Authorities
  • Licensing Authorities
  • Civilian and Military Coordination


  • The ITU Radio Regulations
  • Allocation, Allotment, Assignment
  • Coordination, Notification
  • Bureau of Radiocommunications International Frequency Information Circular (BRIFIC)
  • Licensing
  • Spectra and Bandwidths of Radio Emissions
  • Designation of Emissions
  • Receiver and Transmitter Characteristics of Importance to Quality of Reception and Interference

Antenna Characteristics: Gain, Polarisation, Polarisation Discrimination, Radiation Pattern

Radio Noise 

  • Man-made
  • Natural

Link Budget Calculations

Spectrum Monitoring



Day 2

Nominal Radio Wave Propagation

  • Ground Wave
  • Diffraction
  • Atmospheric Attenuation 

Over Range Propagation

  • Tropospheric
  • Ducting
  • Rain Scatter

Variation in Propagation Loss with Time, Location and Distance

Earth Station Coordination 

  • Propagation
  • Calculation Methods
  • Procedures

Area Covering Services

Definitions and Methods 

  • Contour Coverage
  • Area Coverage
  • Population Coverage

Composite Coverage

  • Individual Stations
  • Cellular Networks

Multi-Frequency and Singl-Frequency Networks

  • Network Gain
  • Diversity Gain

Day 3

Television Broadcasting Overview

  • Analogue TV
  • Digital TV: DVB-T/T2, DTMB, ISDB-T, ATSC

Sound Broadcasting Overview

  • Analogue FM
  • Digital T-DAB, DRM

Coordination between Broadcasting and Aeronautical Services

Review of Radio Navigation and Radio Location Services

Review of the Science Radio Services

Review of Cellular Systems

Traffic Capacity

Site Planning 

  • Radiation and Near-field Attenuation
  • Collocation Interference
  • Measures to Reduce Interference

Review of Non-licensed Radio Services and Systems